The country of Moldova is not linked with any other countries to form a regional personality. Located between Romania (to the west) and Ukraine (to the north, east and south), Moldova is one of the most agriculturally productive countries throughout the history of South Eastern Europe.
Known as the Principality of Moldavia during the middle ages, Moldova was controlled at different times by both the Roman and Byzantine empires. Moldova was frequently invaded by many different groups wanting to control its strategic location between Europe and Asia. By 1812, much of Moldavia was incorporated into the Russian empire. The remainder of Moldavia, joined with a neighbouring state to form the Kingdom of Romania, which it remains today. When the Russian empire was dissolved in 1917, Moldavia briefly became an independent Republic and then joined with Romania in 1918. This lasted until 1940 when the Soviets absorbed Moldavia into its massive bulk. Moldova declared independence August 27th 1991 and now aspires to join the European Union.
Moldova, which is situated between two rivers, the Dniester and the Prut enjoys a temperate climate with warm summers and mild winters. Agriculture is a booming business as the country has acres of rich soil. While Moldova has a large agricultural sector, exporting many of its products, it has very little mineral deposits, and must import all its fuel needs, mostly from Russia.
Over three quarters of Moldova’s 3.3 million inhabitants are ethnic Moldovans. Because of it’s close history with Romania, these ethnic Moldovans speaks Romanian and share Romanian culture. However, because of Soviet influence and immigration in the 20th Century, there are also many Ukrainians and Russians living in Moldova.
For more information on Moldova visit:
- more information on Moldova (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/md.html)